Phân tích bài thơ Vào nhà ngục Quảng Đông cảm tác hay nhất (dàn ý – 2 mẫu) – Ngữ văn lớp 8

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Phân tích bài thơ Vào nhà ngục Quảng Đông cảm tác hay nhất (dàn ý – 2 mẫu) – Ngữ văn lớp 8
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Analysis of the poem Entering the Cantonese Prison is the best inspiration (outline – 2 samples)

Topic: Analysis of the poem Into the Cantonese Prison

Outline Analysis of the poem Into the Cantonese Prison


1. Opening lesson

– Briefly present the most important features of Phan Boi Chau’s life and career: A brief overview of the life of revolutionary activities and literary career…

– Briefly introduce the content and emphasize the importance of the poem Entering the Cantonese Prison: The poem is representative of Phan Boi Chau’s cavalier, resilient and meek manner.

2. Body

a. Two topic sentences

– “Still a genius, still rich”: The situation of the lyrical character is in prison, but the spirit of magnanimity and style is still there.

⇒ The Vietnamese word Han is used the verse has the meaning of affirming the soldier’s core posture

– “If your legs are tired, stay in prison”: prison is just a temporary resting place on the way to revolutionary activities.

⇒ The way of saying makes the verse healthy, without the color of sadness and sadness

– For lyrical characters, “prison” is also a place to practice and challenge to reveal bravery and heroic mettle.

b. Two real sentences

– “Homeless guests in four pools”: difficult reality, for revolutionary activities, lyrical characters – the author had to wander everywhere

– “A crime in the middle of the five continents”: the scene of the colonial empire that convicted Phan Boi Chau of the death penalty in absentia

– The voice of the poem is low, feeling emotional but still shows the character’s temperament: despite thousands of difficulties, macho mettle still shows up clearly.

⇒ The art of balancing two verses: These are two verses that help readers understand the hardships on Phan Boi Chau’s revolutionary path.

c. Two essays

– “Closing your arms around the world”: Aspirations, ideals that do not change, despite all circumstances, that is the great will: the career of the world economy.

– “Open your mouth to laugh at the hatred”: The laughter is cheerful and arrogant with the desire to put an end to the enmity.

⇒ The rhetorical method, the way to build the poetic image in the way of showing affection, strong words, and impression The two verses have created the image of a hero full of mettle who is practicing religion to save the country


d. Two ending sentences

– Affirming that “the body is still there, the career is still there”: The heroic spirit is reflected in the undying belief in the career he is pursuing, it is also the will to pursue his career to the end.

– Because the will to pursue that ideal to the end has made Phan Boi Chau: “how much danger is afraid of nothing”: this is an attitude of contempt for danger.

⇒ The lyrics are clear, strong, and decisive. Affirm the author’s will and determination

3. Conclusion

– Outline the typical features of the content and artistic value of the work

– Expressing admiration for the will to strive for the ideals of patriotic revolutionary Phan Boi Chau

– Draw lessons for yourself: Strive to pursue your dreams despite hardships and challenges

Analysis of the poem Into the Cantonese Prison – sample 1

Phan Boi Chau (1867-1940) was a great revolutionary soldier of our nation in the first three decades of the twentieth century. In 1913, he was doing revolutionary activities in China, one day at the end of the year, the governor of Guangdong arrested him for death, plotting to return the Vietnamese revolutionary to the French colonialists.

At the prison, on the very first night, he wrote the poem “Nom seven words and eight lines of law” to comfort and encourage him. The title of the poem is Entering the Cantonese Prison.

Still a genius, still rich, If you run away, stay in prison. Once you have a homeless guest in the four seas, Again a guilty person in the middle of the five continents. Hold your hand tightly to your economic partner, Open your mouth to laugh at the feud. Dear. It’s still there, there’s still a career, How much danger is there to fear.

The poem shows the brave, indomitable mettle and revolutionary optimism of a soldier in a dangerous prison.

The first verse has two minor counterpoints, the alliteration still makes the poetic voice strong and powerful, affirming a heroic and dignified attitude:

Still magnanimous / still stylish.

Hao Kiet is a person of great talent and extraordinary will. Elegance means a polite, elegant appearance expressing a relaxed and noble demeanor. In the second verse, the author considers the enemy’s prison as a berth after months of running, active activities, and going through many hardships and challenges:

If your legs are tired, go to jail.

After nearly 10 years of traveling abroad, finding a way to save the country (1905 – 1913), Phan Boi Chau was active in Japan, sometimes in Thailand, sometimes in China. Four hours, stay in prison speaks of an active, calm attitude in the face of adversity. The two sentences show a heroic character.

Two real sentences describe the plight of a revolutionary soldier who lost his home, had to live in exile in a strange place (homeless guest), and was imprisoned again. That is the historical tragedy that Phan Boi Chau and thousands of predecessor revolutionary soldiers have experienced. The two sentences 3 and 4 contrast each other, highlighting the spirit of self-sacrifice for the independence and freedom of the Fatherland, a great solstice roaming over a vast geographical space: five continents and four pools.

Having been homeless in the four seas, and sinners among the five continents.


Twenty-seven years later (1940), before his death, the above poem was repeated as a pain:

Your wishes were filled with four cisterns, No wonder the moon and wind locked up three compartments.

(Farewell to friends for the last time)

Two sentences 5, 6 in the essay show pride in the state’s economic wealth (economicalism) to help the country help the people and make a great cause. The feud against the colonists who robbed the country and the feudal minions (the feud) never ceased, decided to laugh and wash away:

Holding hands to hug the economy, Open your mouth to laugh at the hatred

Image words: Holding hands tightly, opening mouth with a smile, speaks of a heroic posture, an unshakable determination, ready to sacrifice himself for a lofty revolutionary ideal: helping life, save the country.

The art of making poetry more poise and heroic. Magnificent images, evocative verbs, (hug tight, laugh out loud) have created a heroic page in the dangerous prison scene, still optimistic, indomitable.

The two concluding sentences affirm a strong conviction, demonstrating a bold mettle. Believe that you still exist, still exist; The cause of saving the country and the people is the expanding cause ahead. But repeated twice, the poetic voice is more eloquent, the optimistic confidence is brighter:

That body is still there, there is a career, How much danger is there to fear!.

Being shackled in a death row prison is dangerous. Tomorrow, having to step out of the courtroom, it is dangerous… How much danger is there in bloodshed, broken bones, but for Phan Boi Chau, there is nothing to fear. In the face of danger, still defiant, indomitable, resilient: How much danger is there to fear! Phan Boi Chau showed the indomitable majesty of a true revolutionary.

Entering the Cantonese prison, he showed the noble qualities of a great soldier: rich in patriotism, bravery, indomitable, optimistic in dangerous prison. The poem has solemn words, a strong and eloquent tone that reveals a self-portrait of a hero, an angel, who sacrificed himself for independence, respected by 20 million people in slavery. devotion as Nguyen Ai Quoc praised.

Entering the Cantonese prison, he felt that he was a precious gem in Phan Boi Chau’s poetry, a heroic song.

Analysis of the poem Into the Cantonese Prison – sample 2

With magnanimous and epic inspiration, Phan Boi Chau’s poem “Into the Cantonese Prison” has left many echoes in the hearts of readers. The image of a brave, indomitable, and full of spirit prisoner in the middle of a dark prison was carved up very vividly and admirably.

The image of the patriotic philanthropist Phan Boi Chau appeared proudly, full of mettle, without fear in the prison of many injustices and transgressions. The poem is titled “Into the prison of Quang Dong with inspiration” originating from the situation of the martyr. This is also the main emotion line that makes up the immortal poetic spirit of the poem.

The first two lines of the poem sounded like the voice of a sage who considered prison very normal:

Still a genius, still stylish

If you run tired, go to jail

The man born into this world has to do great things, to shoulder the responsibility of the country, to strive and do his best for the people. Phan Boi Chau considers being in prison as if his legs were tired, then he would sit and rest. The mood is very calm, not wavering and fearless. This is the character and dignity of a hero in the world. The soldier still feels that he is still “proud” and “frugal”, still able to move mountains to fill the sea, can travel around five continents, so just a moment of loss like this will never reduce his great solitude. . Being in prison is not a big deal, you don’t have to worry too much, consider it as a missed step for a while, consider this as a time to rest, so that you can discuss great karma later. The two verses are completely opposite of each other but support each other, highlighting the image of a patriotic martyr with a firm mind.

In the next two sentences, Phan Boi Chau looks back on his life in the present and in the past with a calm posture:


Been homeless in the four seas

Again a sinner among the five continents

Although in prison, the sage always turned to the country suffering from slavery and misery. He contemplated the scene of his life wandering in five continents and four seas and contemplating the scene of the country drowning in blood and tears. In the vastness of heaven and earth, there is not a single word called home, there is no place where the brave man can rest for a second, for a moment. Loneliness, lost in the way to save the country and save the people. Deadlock falls into a deadlock when the body carries a felony. The two words «already» and «ai» placed at the beginning of the sentence seemed to emphasize and deepen the heart of the martyr. Having lost his home, he still has sin in him. Grief and nostalgia for the country kept rolling in the hero’s heart.

Following the quiet, intense voice in the two verses above, the emotional circuit suddenly changed suddenly in the next two sentences:

Holding hands tightly to the economy

Open your mouth to laugh at the hatred

Two verses from the heart of Phan Boi Chau are the ideal, the reason for life, and the path he has chosen to save the people and save the country. The author uses the word “handshake” to firmly and strongly affirm that ideal. He wanted to embrace the people and take the country, he wanted to be able to use some of his strength to bring happiness to the people. In the world, the world has changed, the enemy has caused a lot of cool pain and Phan Boi Chau’s own life has also witnessed a lot of pain, but he is always optimistic and resilient. This is the admirable and learning spirit of Phan Boi Chau.

Although there are many losses and hardships, the will and determination of the patriotic soldier still resonates with the river and the country. Concluded in the last two verses is his great ambition:

This body is still there, still afraid of karma

How much danger is afraid?

The verse is like an iron oath, like a declaration of a person in a dark prison. But it seems that that prison cannot hold a person, a loyal heart to the country. He affirmed that as long as he was alive, the cause of saving the country would still be there. He will devote all his energy to complete that career. The dangers and hardships for Phan Boi Chau are not a problem. Phan Boi Chau’s indomitable, courageous and fearless spirit makes readers admire a noble heart.

The poem «Into the prison of Quang Dong is impressed» makes the reader admire and submit to an image of Phan Boi Chau who is resilient and indomitable. Our country has the peace it is today thanks to the efforts of people like Phan Boi Chau.

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