Phân tích nhân vật Trương Ba trong đoạn trích Hồn Trương Da, da hàng thịt

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Topic: Analysis of the character Truong Ba Soul, the tragic character in the excerpt “Truong Ba’s soul, the butcher’s skin” by Luu Quang Vu.

Outline Analysis of Truong Ba’s character in the excerpt of Truong Da’s Soul, butcher’s skin


a. Opening:

– Luu Quang Vu is one of the talented writers who left his mark in many genres: poetry, prose and especially drama. He is one of the most talented playwrights of modern Vietnamese literature and art.

– Truong Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin is one of the best works, marking the superiority of Luu Quang Vu’s compositions.

– The character Truong Ba is a tragic character

b. Post body:

This is a play that Luu Quang Vu has based on the folk plot, but the depth of the play is the later development of the folk story.

– The unfortunate and tragic situation of Mr. Truong Ba:

+ Truong Ba is a gardener who loves plants, loves people, lives a benevolent, honest life, not to the point of death, but because of the negligence of the authorities, Truong Ba had to die.

+ Truong Ba’s soul must reside in the butcher’s body, a rude person, etc. Truong Ba’s personality is increasingly changing. ah Tragedy of injustice

Dialogue between soul and body:

+ The soul is a symbol of elegance, purity, purity, morality but all are completely opposite through the dialogue with the body. The soul of Truong Ba left in the eyes of the butcher is a voracious eater and drinker; drunkenness and eagerness; being rude to people…

+ Expressions right in the dialogue when Truong Ba’s soul is no longer himself: slouching, awkward and miserable gestures; sometimes weak voice, short dialogue; when weak, use harsh words to suppress “I… I… told you to shut up” ah Tragedy of separate existence: man can’t live only by body but also can’t live by spirit .

– The suffering of Truong Ba’s soul when finding his family members:

+ The wife is both jealous and sulking at her husband, feeling that he is a stranger to everyone.

+ The eldest son decided to sell the garden to invest in the butcher shop.

+ Cai Gai, the grandson that he loves the most, does not acknowledge him as a grandfather, even she fiercely refuses “If my grandfather comes back, my grandfather’s spirit will strangle him”. In its eyes, Truong Ba’s soul is just a butcher, clumsy hands and feet, always destructive.

+ The daughter-in-law showed sympathy, understanding and pain for the pain of living and the change of Truong Ba’s soul.

Tragedy of being separated from loved ones, denied life.

– Desire to be freed from the body of another:

+ Truong Ba is self-aware of his own tragedy: “It is impossible to be inside one thing, outside another. I want to be whole me.” ⇒ Tragedy of living on someone else’s body – Truong Ba before the death of Cu Ti

+ Before Emperor Thich’s proposal to change the body, TB’s personality changed from hesitating, thinking and then deciding.

+ Truong Ba really wants to die so that he can live forever in the nostalgia of everyone. à Freeing the tragedy of a fake in the soul of Truong Ba.

* Evaluate:

+ Truong Ba’s soul is a character who pays too much attention to the spiritual life and underestimates the body.

+ The tragedy of the character Truong Ba Soul is a tragedy about the pain of the disparity between body and soul in a person.

+ The art of character building, the art of creating unique situations and dramatic developments.

c. Conclusion:

Through the painful tragedy of Truong Ba’s soul, the author wants to affirm that living as a human being is truly precious, but being able to live as you truly are, living fully and in harmony between body and soul is even more precious. Humans must always struggle with adversity, against mediocrity and vulgarity to perfect their personality.


A German philosopher once said, “You must return to what is yours”. That saying is a voice that must be lived as oneself in order to become a perfect human being. That voice also reminds us of the play “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” by playwright Luu Quang Vu, through the character Truong Ba’s soul also raised a call, the earnest plea to live is the key. “It is impossible to live inside one thing, outside another. I want to be whole me.” With just that sentence, it also exudes a feeling, a painful tragedy, and a legitimate desire of the character Truong Ba’s soul.

First, in terms of literary genre, tragedy can be understood as a type of drama in which there are contradictions, intense and intense conflicts between good and evil, good and bad, between good and evil, between good and evil. Because of the high and low, the tragic characters often start from the gentle and honest people who are pushed into the tragedy by subjective or objective factors, making themselves different from each other. like the beginning, but they are still aware of it, so they fall into a state of misery, stalemate, struggling to find a way out for themselves, but the end is usually the death of the character.

Looking at the above understanding on the character of Soul Truong Ba, we realize that the character is a tragic character. It’s the character’s painful mental tragedy. The tragedy stemmed from the desire to correct the mistakes of Emperor Thich, a heavenly mandarin and chess player of Mr. Truong Ba, who possessed Truong Ba’s soul into the butcher’s body. From here the contradiction begins, a person who is united by two completely opposite, opposite entities. A Truong Ba who loves nature, loves family, is gentle with everyone, has a good talent at chess, and combines with the corpse of a butcher who is a butcher who kills pigs, rude, grumpy, greedy for wine, greedy for women. . Between the two opposing entities, Truong Ba’s soul gradually corrupted and metamorphosed. The union of the soul with the body of the other is contrary to the inherent laws of nature, an arbitrary, mechanical imposition. Finally, Truong Ba’s soul metamorphosed painfully, tragically, and sadly. In terms of actions, Truong Ba no longer often plays chess, his intellect is no longer lucid and lucid. As a gardener, plants were once something he loved and cherished so much, and now he even destroys them on the rough, rough and heavy body of the butcher: “he does it. broke the young bud… his foot stepped on and crushed the precious new-grown ginseng tree” in the garden, and “damaged the beautiful kite that Cu Ti treasures very much”, “broken the spokes and torn the paper” even “Truong Ba slaps” the son had blood in his mouth and nose.” Regarding the way of life, it seems that Truong Ba’s personality has completely changed, no longer gentle, cheerful, kind to family members and to everyone around. He became grumpy, rude, and even overwhelmed by his body when he lusted for the butcher’s wife, standing next to the butcher’s wife, he felt “trembling limbs, hot breath”. Thus, from actions to the way of life of Truong Ba’s soul completely disappeared, alienation was the pain of Truong Ba’s soul. Because he understood that his former self, that of a gardener, was originally a symbol of beauty, but now, that person merged with the butcher’s body is a symbol of rudeness, roughness, violent, lustful, try to ask how not to corrupt, how to be corrupt. It was Truong Ba’s soul who had to reveal that: “It is impossible to live inside one thing, outside another. I want to be whole me.” The words of Truong Ba’s soul expressed the torment and torment when the previous person was completely disappeared, and fiercely expressed it with a decisive attitude “No! Is not! I don’t want to live like this forever! I’m so tired of this place that’s not mine, so bored! I’m starting to fear you with this bulky body, I just want to leave you at once.” Not stopping there, Truong Ba’s soul also expressed his disgust and boredom in front of the butcher’s body. “If my soul has its own shape”, I will “separate from this body even if is a moment”. Through the thoughts and words of the character Truong Ba’s soul, we can clearly see that Luu Quang Vu has gone deep into the character’s inner life, understanding and sympathizing with the pain of Truong Ba’s soul.

But the tragedy of Soul Truong Ba did not stop there, he fell into a second tragedy that was more painful than the previous one. That’s when he was suspected, despised and shunned by his family. Everyone in the family from his wife, eldest son, niece and even daughter-in-law were all strangers, doubting and looking down on him because they couldn’t find in him a gardener. of the day before, gentle and kind. When Truong Ba’s soul was near the butcher’s wife, causing him to “tremble his hands and feet, his breath was hot” signifying that his desire to rise was no longer “the gentleness, cheerfulness, and goodness” as before, so much so that even his wife. When she saw her husband in such a situation, she was both angry and jealous and wanted to get away from him immediately. His wife frankly confided to him: “You are no longer you, you are no longer Mr. Truong Ba as a gardener in the past” and she decided, “Perhaps I have to go… to transplant, hire, work, anywhere. …, go away… Let him be at ease… with the butcher’s wife… Better than this…”. These thoughts of Truong Ba’s wife come from the pain in the wife’s soul, knowing that her husband is no longer the person he was before. Then the eldest son, formerly all obediently listened to his father’s opinion, but now he “decided, definitely will sell the garden to have money to open more capital butcher shop” although Truong Ba’s soul did not accept. And the image of the girl who loved and adored her grandfather, now also does not acknowledge him, and at the same time condemns the brutality and cruelty, tramples the trees in the garden, destroys the kite of Cu Ti, and screams indignantly. : “You are so ugly, so evil! Get out ! Get out of here, old butcher!” then continued: “If my grandfather comes back, my grandfather’s spirit will strangle him.” Even the daughter-in-law sympathizes and understands the suffering of her father-in-law, but deep inside she still doubts the current father-in-law. The daughter-in-law confided to him: “Teacher told me: The outside is insignificant, only the inside, but teacher, I am very scared, because I feel, it hurts… every day you change. gradually different, gradually lost, everything seems to be deviating, fading away, so much so that sometimes I don’t even recognize you anymore.” The daughter-in-law’s confession was very honest, sympathizing with the pain of her father-in-law when she lost the good things of the past, and then she continued to say: “Teacher! How, how to keep you, gentle, cheerful, good like our teacher in the past? A series of thoughts from family members have proved that everyone is alienated, suspicious, and despised the current Truong Ba. Thus, between the two entities is the gardener, a symbol of beauty and the body. Butchers symbolize evil, evil has made Truong Ba no longer intact “soul and body” as before.

Because of these two tragedies, Truong Ba’s soul invited Emperor Thich back to express his legitimate aspirations: “It is impossible to live inside one side and outside another. I want to be whole me”. Truong Ba’s soul earnestly asked to return the butcher’s body and let himself die because he thought: “I’m already dead, let me die completely”. But Emperor Thich still wanted to let Truong Ba live so that he could continue to have someone to play chess with, someone praised him as a chess fairy, so he asked Truong Ba’s soul to enter the body of Ti (Sister Lua’s daughter) who had just died. But this solution of Emperor Thich is still a way to go against the laws of nature, nothing more than his actual situation. And Truong Ba’s soul asked Emperor Thich to let the butcher and Cu Ti live, return to his family and let Truong Ba die. The spirit of Truong Ba said: “Living on other people’s belongings and possessions is not a good thing, here and there, I live off of the butcher. He simply thought of letting me live, but he didn’t need to know how to live!” Those words clearly show the irresponsibility of the officials of the heavens, the more they correct them, the more wrong they are, the more people fall into a deadlock, suffer, and lose themselves. Thoughts of Truong Ba’s soul, although he is no longer in this world, the image of a gentle and cheerful Mr. Truong Ba will forever live in everyone’s hearts with love and respect. That is a legitimate desire to live. The play closes, ending with the death of the character Truong Ba, but it sparkles with humanity and philosophy. It is a solution in accordance with nature, with the law of morality with humans.

To make the play a success, we cannot help but mention the art of creating dramatic situations, vivid and honest character dialogues, going deep into the character’s inner self to portray the character of Soul Truong. Three with tragedies but bold humanity. Luu Quang Vu blew a new wind into the Vietnamese theater scene after 1975. And certainly its vitality will remain in the hearts of readers until today and in the future.

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